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Piecewise Holistic Autotuning of Compiler and Runtime Parameters

Current architecture complexity requires ne tuning of compiler and runtime parameters to achieve full potential performance. Autotuning substantially improves default parameters in many scenarios but it is a costly process requiring a long iterative evaluation.

We propose an automatic piecewise autotuner based on CERE (Codelet Extractor and REplayer). CERE decomposes applications into small pieces called codelets: each codelet maps to a loop or to an OpenMP parallel region and can be replayed as a standalone program.

Codelet autotuning achieves better speedups at a lower tuning cost. By grouping codelet invocations with the same performance behavior, CERE reduces the number of loops or OpenMP regions to be evaluated. Moreover unlike whole-program tuning, CERE customizes the set of best parameters for each specic OpenMP region or loop.

We demonstrate CERE tuning of compiler optimizations, number of threads and thread anity on a NUMA architecture. On average over the NAS 3.0 benchmarks, we achieve a speedup of 1.08 after tuning. Tuning a single codelet is 13 cheaper than whole-program evaluation and estimates the tuning impact on the original region with a 94.6% accuracy. On a Reverse Time Migration (RTM) proto-application we achieve a 1.11 speedup with a 200 cheaper exploration.